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海外核電建設

發布時間:2021-12-16 | 來源:當代中國與世界研究院

海外核電建設 

1991年12月31日,中國與巴基斯坦簽訂了建設30萬千瓦核電站的合同,開啟了中國核電出口的序幕。截至2021年,中國在巴基斯坦建設了6臺核電機組,均由中核集團中原公司總承包。其中恰?,敽穗娨黄诠こ?臺機組于2017年9月全面建成。2015年8月和2016年5月,采用華龍一號技術的巴基斯坦卡拉奇核電站2、3號機組先后開工建設,其中2號機組于2021年5月20日投入商業運行,創造了百萬千瓦級三代核電出口機組建設的最短工期;3號機組計劃于2022年上半年投運。

2017年11月,中國與巴基斯坦正式簽署建設恰?,敽穗娬?號機組商務合同,標志著第3臺華龍一號機組將落地巴基斯坦。 

2016年9月,中國與法國簽署了英國新建核電項目一攬子合作協議,由中法共同投資建設的欣克利角C項目已開工建設。此外,中國還與阿根廷、巴西、土耳其、南非、沙特、約旦等國分別簽署有關協議,積極推進核電和相關領域合作。

巴基斯坦恰?,敽穗娨黄诠こ?br/>Four Units of CHASNUPP-I in Pakistan


Construction of Overseas Nuclear Power Plants 

On December 31, 1991, China signed a contract with Pakistan for the construction of a 300 MWe nuclear power plant, which kicked off China's export of nuclear power plants. By 2021, China has built six nuclear power units in Pakistan, all of which were undertaken by China Zhongyuan Engineering Corporation. Among them, the four units of CHASNUPP-I were completed in September 2017. The construction of Karachi NPP units 2 & 3 with Hualong One technology started in Pakistan in August 2015 and May 2016 respectively. The unit 2 was put into commercial operation on May 20, 2021, setting a record for the shortest construction period for 1,000 MWe-class Gen III nuclear power units exported by China; the unit 3 is expected to be commissioned in the first half of 2022. 

In November 2017, China and Pakistan signed a commercial contract for the construction of Unit 5 of Chashma NPP, marking the third Hualong One unit to be built in Pakistan. 

In September 2016, China and France signed a package of cooperation agreements for the UK nuclear new-build project, and the construction of the Hinkley Point C, which is jointly funded by China and France, has started. In addition, China has signed agreements with Argentina, Brazil, Turkey, South Africa, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and other countries to actively promote cooperation in nuclear power and related fields. 

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